Generally flight training
takes placed at licensed airfields where emergency crews are available on
large backyard will suffice for most ultralights, which can take off and
land in as little as 100 feet. Like the original aerodromes of old, these
fields are often very open, with no predefined runway. Pilots just start
their takeoff run from the far edge of the field that most faces into that
day's prevailing wind.
own enough land, and if your local and state officials don't mind, you can
build an airport using a simple grass, dirt, or gravel strip. The best of
these will look like groomed golf course fairways. The worst will hardly
be recognizable as anything more than a wide rocky path.
or private, the soft touchdown virtually guaranteed by grass will impress
your passengers, while taking you back to a simpler time in the history of
airports feature only a single runway. That's fine, until the wind blows
hard from a direction across the runway. That's because airplanes have
limitations as to how much crosswind in which they can safely take off or
land. With just a single runway, if the crosswind is too strong, no one
can take off or land safely.
making long trips, it's wise to pick an airport with a second crosswind
runway just in case the field is experiencing very unusual winds on the
day you arrive.
airports have two or more runways. There's typically one longer runway
that faces into the historically prevailing wind, and a second so called
crosswind runway that's used when the wind is blowing from an unusual
uncommon to find that the crosswind runway is grass, while only the main
runway and taxiways are paved.
cases, the larger runway serves airline traffic, while the smaller runway
serves general aviation (GA) operations.
like there are people who live along a golf course in a golf community,
there are some people who live with their airplanes at a residential
airpark. These are planned residential communities that feature an
airport, streets wide enough to taxi an airplane, and garages large enough
airports have a ramp or apron, which is a place to park visiting aircraft
or based aircraft. The individual parking spaces, which can be paved or
grass, are called tiedowns, since aircraft are usually tied down between
flights so that they don't move with a strong wind.
Airplanes use highly refined and high-quality fuels. Piston aircraft use
100-octane aviation gasoline. Turbine aircraft use Jet A fuel. These fuels
are stored in tanks or trucks and are dispensed with pumps like those used
by an automobile gas station. Some airports have installed self-serve
pumps so that pilots can refuel their aircraft after hours.